Gold, diamonds, antimony, mercury, gypsum, and iron have all at some time since the beginning of the 19th century been exploited on an individual producer basis, using small-scale methods. Brunei is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island's territory is divided between the nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. There are extensive stands of teak, oak, conifers, and hardwoods of the Dipterocarpaceae family (including members the commercially valuable genus Shorea). Borneo (-slovenský normovaný názov) alebo Kalimantan je tretí najväčší ostrov na svete nachádzajúci sa v strede malajského súostrovia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, East Malaysia, highest peak on Borneo. The highest peak in Borneo, Mt. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Generally, Borneo soils are poor, with a few exceptions of fertile volcanic areas. Din punct vedere politic insula este împărțită între statele Indonezia, Malaezia și Brunei, partea de nord sunt provinciile ce aparțin de Brunei și Malaezia, iar partea cea mai mare „Kalimantan” aparține Indoneziei. It is ranked 3rd in terms of area (after Greenland and New Guinea). The rivers support the island’s transport and provide fresh water to the people. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Arowana is thought to bring luck, wealth, prosperity and strength – all positive feng shui. Other notable animals include orangutans, gibbons, and elephants, but the Sumatran rhinoceros is now extinct there. Borneo Tourist Information and Travel Guide. The Borneo peat swamp forests are home to the world's most desirable aquarium fish, the Arowana (Scleropages formosus). Borneo lies astride the Equator. Borneo is the world's third-largest island and the largest island of Asia. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Three countries have territory in Borneo; by the size of the claim, they are Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Borneo er ei øy i Søraustasia, og den største av dei store Sundaøyane. Med en yta på 743 330 km² är den världens tredje största ö. År 2005 hade den 15 721 384 invånare, 2009 18,6 miljoner. Newer markets are for the seeds of the shorea tree and for chicle. News and analysis on Borneo current events. (2015) five provinces of Kalimantan (including adjacent islands), 15,320,017; (2010) Sabah and Sarawak, 5,677,882; (2014 est.) ボルネオ島の旅行ガイドならトリップアドバイザー。ボルネオ島のホテル・観光名所・グルメに関する39,832件の口コミやユーザーが投稿した写真を利用して、最高の旅行プランを計画して下さい。 Borneo’s climate is equatorial—hot and humid with a fairly distinct division into two seasons, consisting of a wet monsoonal period (landas) between October and March and a relatively drier, calmer period of summer (tedoh) for the rest of the year. For a region that highly depends on logging to drive the economy, different endemic species like the Bornean orangutan and endangered species like the Bornean clouded leopard and the pygmy elephants face a constant threat of extinction. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A young orangutan in the tropical forest of northern Borneo, Sabah, East Malaysia. Borneo island is surrounded by South China Sea, Makassar Strait, Celebes Sea, Sulu Sea, and the Java Sea. Pepper is grown on a large scale by the resident Chinese. Borneon eteläosat kuuluvat Indonesialle, pohjoisosat Malesialle ja Bruneille. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The population, of which more than two-thirds is in Indonesian territory, is varied. Amongst the ethnic groups, the Dayak constitute the majority followed by the Malay, Chinese, Banjar, Orang Ulu, and Kadazan-Dusun. Borneo is een eiland in Zuidoost-Azië. Visit Borneo also provides resources for expats and people relocating to Sabah and Sarawak on Malaysian Borneo, Kalimantan on the Indonesian Borneo, and Brunei Darussalam. Borneo is surrounded by the Java Sea to its south, the Celebes Sea on its east, and the South China Sea to its north. Which Countries Share the Island of Borneo. Bauxite has been developed near Cape Datu in the southwest since the late 1950s, and coal has been mined in the southwest. Borneo, island in the extreme southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean. On average, annual rainfall amounts to 10 inches. Floating market in Kalimantan, Indonesia, southern Borneo. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque at dusk, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. As part of the Malay Archipelago, this island is the largest island in Asia and third largest island in the world after Greenland and New Guinea. Borneo (på indonesiska: Kalimantan) är en ö i Sydostasien, belägen i mitten av malackaarkipelagen. Mount Kinabalu is the tallest point at an elevation of 4, 095 meters. The Indonesian part of Borneo, known as Kalimantan, covers about 73 percent of the island, while Malaysian Borneo occupies the rest along the northern edge, along with tiny Brunei. Geograficky je súčasťou juhovýchodnej Ázie. In detail, the Java Sea and Karimata Strait borders Borneo in the south and, were it not for the deep waters separating the island from Sulawesi, the two would have had a land connection. To start with, Borneo is the third largest island in the world, a tropical jungle-clad island set in the South China Sea in SE Asia. Welcome to Borneo.com! Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the … The main rivers of Kalimantan are the Kapuas in the west and the Mahakam in the east. The forests are also noted for their epiphytes and for the monster flower (Rafflesia arnoldii), the largest flower in the world. Borneo is the third largest island in the world, spanning an area that is almost 745,000 hectares in size. Indonesians call the island Kalimantan while in Malay, it is Pulau Borneo. The island of Borneo is divided among Malaysia, Indonesia, and the small, independent nation of Brunei. Long rivers include Kapuas, Mahakam, Barito, Rajang, and Kinabatangan. The main agricultural products include vegetables, cacao, and rubber. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. A large part of Borneo is drained by navigable rivers, which represent the principal and often the only lifelines of trade and commerce. Borneo is home to more than 15,000 species of flowering plants, 3,000 tree species, 440 fish species, 420 bird species, and over 220 species of land mammals. A long series of mountain ranges extend southwest across the island from Mount Kinabalu in the far northeast, which, at an elevation of 13,455 feet (4,101 metres), is the island’s greatest height and is also the tallest peak in Malaysia. In detail, the Java Sea and Karimata Strait borders Borneo in the south and, were it not for the deep waters separating the island from Sulawesi, the two would have had a land connection. Its species range from the distinct Bornean orang utans and elephants to the giant pitcher plants and Rafflesia flowers. The island is roughly centered just north of the Indonesian archipelago. Location of Borneo. Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the Mahakam River (570 miles), the Rajang (565 miles), the Barito (560 miles), and the Kinabatangan (350 miles) as well as one of the longest underground rivers inside the Clearwater Cave. Ho har over 18 millionar innbyggjarar. The Island’s climate is largely hot and humid with two seasons (October-March is wet while the rest is fairly dry). Borneo (malaijiksi Pulau Borneo, indonesiaksi Kalimantan) on maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari. Borneo Podatci Smještaj Jugoistočna Azija Otočna skupina Veliki sundski otoci Koordinate Država Brunej, Indonezija, Malezija Površina 743.330 km 2 km 2 Broj stanovnika Borneo, koji u Indoneziji nazivaju Kalimantan, ima površinu od 743.122 km² pa je treći po veličini otok na … Borneo (Community) is located in Nova Scotia (NS) in Canada. In Indonesien wird die ganze Insel Kalimantan genannt. The island is sparsely inhabited by Asian standards. The main river of East Malaysia is the Rajang in Sarawak. Rainfall tends to be short heavy bursts followed by sunshine. Borneo is poor in commercial mineral resources. Øya er verdens tredje største (etter Grønland og Ny-Guinea), og har et areal på 743 330 km². Brunei, 411,900. Rubber is grown on small native plantations. As with all tropical destinations, climates are unpredictable and rainfall Major cities include Samarinda, Banjarmasin, Kuching, and Balikpapan. The island is The island is It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The extensive forest cover faces constant logging to meet local and international timber demands. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Omissions? Map of Borneo and travel information about Borneo brought to you by Lonely Planet. Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. The entire coastline has peat swamp forests on infertile soil. It has a length of 830 miles (1,336 km) from northeast to southwest and a maximum breadth of 600 miles (960 km). Jeho územie patrí krajinám Indonézia, Malajzia a Brunej a jeho celková rozloha je 743 330 km². There are also a great many species of birds, insects, and fish. From the sky, Brunei's Temburong District looks like all of Borneo once did: an unbroken carpet of primary rainforest unblemished by roads, buildings or logging gashes. Updates? The average annual rainfall is about 150 inches (3,800 mm). Borneo is the third-largest island in the world (after Greenland and New Guinea), and is located south of Hong Kong, east of Singapore, and north of western Australia. Borneon pinta-ala on 743 330 km². Farther north, as the island narrows, few rivers are navigable for more than 100 miles (160 km), often much less, a condition largely responsible for the northern interior of Borneo remaining, until recently, one of the least-known parts of the world. Tobacco is grown in the uplands and traded to the lowlands. Borneo, also called as Kalimantan, is one of the largest islands of the world. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago. 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