The Dangerous Dogs Act was introduced in 1991 following a spate of dog attacks – including a number involving young children. Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. Parliament stepped in to create this Act after a slew of incidences where serious injury or death resulted from dog attacks of a particularly aggressive breed that were uncontrolled. Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent. Power to make corresponding provision for Northern Ireland. [8] The Act applies in England, Wales and Scotland, with The Dangerous Dogs (Northern Ireland) Order 1991[9] having a similar effect in Northern Ireland. What the law says about dangerous dogs and what your rights are | Northumberland Gazette News you can trust since 1854 Banned dogs In the UK, it’s against the law to own certain types of dog. The Dangerous Dogs Act Bites Worse Than It Barks . [21st March 1997] Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and … the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy, lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item, confers power and blanket amendment details, links to related legislation and further information resources. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include: This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and the British Veterinary Association are both against the breed-specific legislation provisions of the Act (Section 1), mainly on the basis that there is no scientific evidence that all individuals of a breed are dangerous. This decision has more recently been more regulated to only allow for temporary keepership in certain circumstances. Prior to the Act there were no criminal penalties for injuries or deaths caused by dog attacks.[10][11]. Campaigning for workable dog laws, BBC Article on a dog attack - January 2007, BBC Article "How do you fend off a dangerous dog?". [27], A 2018 proposal by PETA to have the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and American Bulldog added to the list of banned dogs spawned a petition in support of the Staffordshires which garnered 160,000 signatures. The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 is the principal law in relation to the control of dangerous dogs with the aim of protecting public safety. Dangerous Dogs Act 1997 Amendment Under the original 1991 Act a judge had no option but to order the destruction of a dog if there were grounds to do so. More information is available about EU Legislation and UK Law. [16], Initially, dogs born before 30 November 1991 were eligible to be put on the Index of Exempted Dogs (a grandfather clause). Proscribed breeds in the UK under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, as ‘Dogs bred for fighting’ are the (American) pit bull terrier, the Japanese Tosa, the Dogo Argentino and the Fila Braziliero. Professor John Cooper explains how to us how Section 1 of The Dangerous Dogs Act, 1991 (amended) can affect any dog owner. Britain has a long history of various dog legislation in attempts to protect the public. [37], Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, "Bark but no bite: Dangerous Dogs Act in spotlight as attacks rise", "A short history of the 'dangerous dog' and why certain breeds are banned - BBC Newsbeat", "The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 - what is it? The Dangerous Dogs Act is heavily criticised as often behaviour is heavily determined by the way a dog has been brought up by its owner and by its breeder, not necessarily its breed type. To understand whether or not the text of this legislation is up to date, please check those references in the following pieces of legislation. So here is a list of banned breeds under UK law along with a short history of when the law was amended or added to. This law applies to all dog owners no matter what size or breed, whether your pet is a Chihuahua, a Cockapoo or a Collie cross. How to spot the signs] A year after the 1991 dangerous dog act was passed the unlicensed pitbull dogs are seized. [18], The Act established the Index of Exempted Dogs and the Animal Welfare section of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) oversees the administration of the Act and the Index. An Act to amend the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991; and for connected purposes. However, the 1997 amendments expanded eligibility, effectively continuing the Index. There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Hence in 1997 the Dangerous Dogs (Amendment) Act 1997 (its official title) was brought into law. 1743", "Dog microchipping law brings fines risk", "Dangerous Dogs, Briefing Paper number 4348", "All dogs in England to get free microchips", "The Dangerous Dogs Exemption Schemes (England and Wales) Order 2015", "Dangerous Dogs consultation, 9th March 2010", "Numbers of dogs on the Index of Exempted Dogs", "Written evidence by Defra to House of Commons EFRA Committee for Controlling dangerous dogs Ninth Report of Session 2017–19, May 2018", "Breed Specific Legislation - A Dog's Dinner", "Controlling dangerous dogs - Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee - House of Commons", "Dangerous Dogs Act: Staffordshire Bull Terriers - Hansard", "Justice for dog owner after fatal attack", "London Journal; Bad Dogs and Englishmen, What's to Be Done? The amended Dangerous Dogs Act came into effect in England and Wales on 13 May 2014. The Dogs Act 1906 amended the Dogs Act 1871 in that it defines a dog as ‘dangerous’ where it injures cattle or poultry or chases sheep (section 1 (4)). A year after the 1991 dangerous dog act was passed the unlicensed pitbull dogs are seized. The Dangerous Dogs Act was introduced in 1991, after a number of high profile attacks across the UK. [22][23] However, data from the Metropolitan Police shows that in incidents involving 'dangerously out of control dogs' banned breeds account for about 20% of offences. The judicial review held that a person does have the right to nominate a person to temporarily keep the dog. [28][29][30][31] The Act is sometimes cited as an unfavourable example of such legislation,[32][33] and in January 2007, the act was included in public responses to a BBC Radio 4 poll of unpopular UK legislation. Prohibitions of owning a dog as a penalty was available in 1989. So let’s get started, I gathered most of my information from the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (DDA) and the UK government site where the legislation is outlined in the section Controlling your dog in Public.Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) was introduced as part of The Dangerous Dogs Act (DDA) on the 12th of August 1991.. George Eustice declared, "The Government have no plans at all to add Staffordshire bull terriers, or any other type of dog, to the list of prohibited dogs. The arguments that continue about the efficacy of the Dangerous Dogs Act stem from the widely-held proposition that a dog should be treated on its individual merits. BBC News examines whether the Dangerous Dogs Act has been effective. image caption Pit Bull Terriers are among the banned pets under the Dangerous Dog Act Pet owners face fines of up to £20,000 if they fail to take steps preventing dog … Section 7 of the 1906 Act defines ‘cattle’ as including horses, goats, mules, asses, sheep and swine. Defra says "a large number of serious cases from a very small population of dog… Dangerous dogs are classified by "type", not by breed label. So let’s get started, I gathered most of my information from the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (DDA) and the UK government site where the legislation is outlined in the section Controlling your dog in Public.Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) was introduced as part of The Dangerous Dogs Act (DDA) on the 12th of August 1991.. Section one of the Dangerous Dogs Act, introduced by the government in 1991, bans four breeds of dogs in the UK. The dangerous dogs act was a law passed in the United Kingdom in 1991 aimed to try to reduce the number of dog attacks by specific breeds. The High Court has decided that for a dog to be a pit bull type, it must have a substantial number or most of the physical characteristics of a pit bull terrier. The Turbulent Years Hardcover – 13 Sep 1993 by, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 03:41. [10], The process for getting a Section 1 dog exempted includes proving to the court that the dog is not a danger to public safety, that it is owned by a 'fit and proper' person to be in charge of a dog, that the dog is already neutered and microchipped,[Note 1] and that the owner has obtained third-party insurance that would cover an incident of bodily injury or death of a person caused by the dog. Clare Williams Chief Executive of rescue and rehoming charity the National Animal Welfare Trust Efforts have been made to get the law changed. Rottweiler. Dogs bred for fighting. The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991[2] is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom prohibiting or restricting certain types of dogs and codifying the criminal offence of allowing a dog of any breed to be dangerously out of control. The Dangerous Dogs Act has been amended over time. 4. The Dangerous Dogs Act is often cited by lawmakers as an excellent example of how not to enact legislation. The Dangerous Dogs Act sets forth laws intended to keep the public safe from dog attacks, but it remains one of the UK’s most controversial pieces of legislation. Discretion was granted to magistrates with the 1997 amendment to the Act. This assessment of the physical characteristics is made by a Dog Legislation Officer (DLO), a police officer experienced in dog handling and dog legislation, who assists in the investigation of dog-related allegations of crime. [21st March 1997] Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and … Clare Williams Chief Executive of rescue and rehoming charity the National Animal Welfare Trust Contents of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 1. Dangerous Dogs. Deed Not Breed: UK Campaign fighting the addition of any new breed to the DDA. 2 Current approach to dog control The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. Amendments to the Dangerous Dogs Act in England and Wales (Scotland has its own laws). The size of the animal also does not matter. And in 2006, local authorities were empowered to prohibit dogs from certain public areas to reduce menace and fouling by dogs. Follwing the latest fatal attack by a dog on an adult female here is a look at the 1991 Dangerous Dogs Act. No changes have been applied to the text. Under the Act, it's illegal for a dog to be 'out of control' or to bite or attack someone. The first in 23 years, will see far tougher dog control laws and sentencing. 10. [21], The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and the British Veterinary Association are both against the breed-specific legislation provisions of the Act (Section 1), mainly on the basis that there is no scientific evidence that all individuals of a breed are dangerous. Many dogs classified as illegal breeds are seized, but are in fact well-behaved dogs with responsible owners, who just have the misfortune to have the wrong measurements. Our inquiry focused on one of the main pieces of legislation, the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. For more information see the EUR-Lex public statement on re-use. In 1839, fines were exacted for allowing dogs to run loose in London, and owners were liable if their unmuzzled dog attacked a person or other animal. [16], In the case of R (Sandhu) v. Isleworth Crown Court, the claimant Sandhu was in prison and sought to nominate a temporary keeper to have his dog. The Dangerous Dogs Act has been amended over time. What is clear however is that the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 is not achieving the aim of protecting the public. For the first time, the Dangerous Dogs Act also includes a specific offence to protect assistance dogs, such as guide dogs, from attacks, with guilty owners facing up to three years in prison. This part of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 applies to every single dog across England and Wales. Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 Banned Breeds List Many people come to this site looking for information about dog breeds that were banned under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. 2013. Highlights: Loyal, Protective, Affectionate. The power to confiscate dogs was introduced in 1871. No versions before this date are available. From May 2014 the Dangerous Dogs Act will also cover attacks taking place on private property in … ", "LEADING ARTICLE : Love Dempsey, hate pit-bulls", "R (on the application of Sandhu) v Isleworth Crown Court - LexisWeb", DDA Watch - Organisation offering free advice and support to owners affected by the Dangerous Dogs Act. Over 200,000 people are attacked every year by dogs in England alone. The aim is to create better protection. In the UK, BSL bans the ownership of four different types of dogs traditionally bred for fighting: pit bull terrier, Japanese Tosa, Dogo Argentino and Fila Braziliero. Ned Westaway appeared for the Secretary of State for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs who intervened in the appeal. [4] The Act has been controversial for failing to stem the rise of dog attacks,[5] and for focusing on a dog's breed or looks instead of an individual dog's behaviour. This part of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 applies to every single dog across England and Wales. The problems caused by dangerous dogs will never be solved until dog owners appreciate that they are responsible for the actions of their animals.” 5. It is the breed that classifies it, not the nature. Church of England Assembly (Powers) Act 1919, Measures of the National Assembly for Wales, Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dangerous_Dogs_Act_1991&oldid=998165754, Animal welfare and rights legislation in the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dangerous Dogs Act One Year On - Are Changes to the Dangerous Dogs Act Effective? They are the Pit Bull terrier, Japanese Tosa, Dogo Argentino and the Fila Brasileiro. In 2014, sentencing guidelines in England and Wales were changed to raise the maximum jail … Destruction and disqualification orders. It has two main strands. After eleven horrific attacks in 1991,[3] Home Secretary Kenneth Baker promised "to rid the country of the menace of these fighting dogs". The Dangerous Dogs Act sets forth laws intended to keep the public safe from dog attacks, but it remains one of the UK’s most controversial pieces of legislation. 5. Dangerous Dogs Act One Year On - Are Changes to the Dangerous Dogs Act Effective? Due to a high volume of changes being made to legislation for EU exit, we have not been able to research and record them all. Destruction orders otherwise than on a conviction. This kind of straightjacket legislation does not go down well with the judiciary. Section 1 of The Dangerous Dogs Act explained. Section one of the Dangerous Dogs Act, introduced by the government in 1991, bans four breeds of dogs in the … Section 7 … At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Under the Act, it is illegal to own certain dogs without an exemption from a court. Breed Specific Legislation was introduced 26 years ago as part of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 to restrict the ownership of certain types of dogs deemed to be dangerous to people. 4B. Whether it is a purebred dog, a crossbreed or a mongrel. Dangerous Dogs Act: full list of animals banned in the UK – and why MPs say the law needs to change The report said the ban on rehoming banned breeds – if … [26] In some cases, injuries to humans have been ignored or not taken seriously by authorities because they were caused during a dog-on-dog attack. An Act to prohibit persons from having in their possession or custody dogs belonging to types bred for fighting; to impose restrictions in respect of such dogs pending the coming into force of the prohibition; to enable restrictions to be imposed in relation to other types of dog which present a serious danger to the public; to make further provision for securing that dogs are kept under proper control; and for connected purposes. There may be changes and effects to this Legislation not yet recorded or applied to the text. Section 1 and 4B of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 relate to dogs of the type known as the pit bull terrier. The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 did two main things: It made it a criminal offence for the owner and/or the person in charge of the dog to allow a dog to be 'dangerously out of control' in a public place or be in a place where it is not permitted to be. First, it prohibits ownership of four types of fighting dogs: the pit bull terrier; the Japanese Tosa; the Dogo Argentino and the Fila Braziliero. Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent. [20] As of 2018, there were 3,514 Pit bull terriers, 3 Japanese Tosas, 13 Dogo Argentinos, and 0 Fila Brazilieros. Section 1 of The Dangerous Dogs Act explained. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 covers all breeds and types of dog. Britain continues to need a new dog law that deals effectively with irresponsible owners, dangerous and vicious dogs and injuries caused by dog bites from these aggressive dogs. 7 There are several pieces of legislation in place to protect the public and ensure proper dog control. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site. [34], A 1992 case involving a dog named Dempsey, a pit bull terrier which three years later had its destruction order reversed,[35][36] brought interest because of the lack of discretion that the Act gave magistrates regarding Section 1 dogs. The Dangerous Dogs Act was introduced in 1991 following a spate of dog attacks – including a number involving young children. Seizure, entry of premises and evidence. Proscribed breeds in the UK under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, as ‘Dogs bred for fighting’ are the (American) pit bull terrier, the Japanese Tosa, the Dogo Argentino and the Fila Braziliero. An American Pit Bull Terrier or crosses of the same are included. There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. Credit: Photo: Getty It doesn’t have to bite a person for it to be classed as dangerous. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. This site additionally contains content derived from EUR-Lex, reused under the terms of the Commission Decision 2011/833/EU on the reuse of documents from the EU institutions. The Dangerous Dogs Act (DDA) is an act of Parliament that came into force in the UK in 1991 (with amendments made in 1997) which regulates or prohibits the ownership of certain breeds and types of dogs within the UK. On 12 August 1991, the Dangerous Dogs Act came into force, banning four types of dog. The Act made it illegal to have a dog that’s ‘dangerously out of control’ in a public place and was updated in 2014 to include private properties. 8. The recent suggestion from ‘The People For The Ethical Treatment of Animals’ (PETA) to add the Staffordshire Bull Terrier as the latest and fifth banned breed has brought this long standing […] Whether you own a large dog or a miniature breed, and however calm and friendly your dog is, the Dangerous Dogs Act still applies to you. [Read more: Does my dog have ticks? 3 Keeping dogs under proper control. In the UK it's against the law to own certain types of dogs. Whether it is a purebred dog, a crossbreed or a mongrel. [13], The first two are explicitly mentioned in the Act, and the final two were added by the Secretary of State in 1991. The Court also considered a number of other aspects of the regime for the control of dangerous dogs under the 1991 Act and the Dangerous Dogs Exemption Schemes (England and Wales) Order 2015. The Dangerous Dogs Act is heavily criticised as often behaviour is heavily determined by the way a dog has been brought up by its owner and by its breeder, not necessarily its breed type. Applications were received for over 8,000 dogs; 5,223 dogs received their Certificate of Exemption. 6 Children under nine are statistically at most risk. "[25], The act has been described as a piece of rushed legislation which was an overreaction to a transient public mood. Certain Breeds of dog are banned from being owned in the UK under this act and the subsequent amendments/ additions. ", "The Dangerous Dogs (Northern Ireland) Order 1991", "Dangerous dogs law: Guidance for enforcers (PB13225)", "Dangerous Dog Offences - The Crown Prosecution Service", "Types of dogs prohibited in Great Britain : Guidance on the recognition of prohibited dogs in Great Britain", "The Dangerous Dogs (Designated Types) Order 1991 No. Penalties You can get an unlimited fine or be sent to prison for up to 6 months (or both) if your dog is dangerously out of control. Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Ongoing conditions include keeping the dog at the address listed, notifying of address changes, notifying of the death or export of the dog, keeping the dog muzzled and on a lead in public places, keeping the dog securely to prevent escape, and maintaining all previous conditions for the life of the dog. There is no law stating that a dog has to bite somebody for it to be considered dangerous. As of 2015, there were 3,001 Pit bull terriers on the Index, 6 Dogo Argentinos, 0 Fila Brasilieros, and 3 Japanese Tosas. Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once. That is highly disproportionate for one type of dog that is banned, and it underlines the need to be cautious about change in this area. (1)If it appears to the Secretary of State that dogs of any type to … The act was brought into place to try and help reassure a worried public after a spate of dog attacks, particularly involving children. In 1991 the UK government passed a piece of legislation called The Dangerous Dogs Act. The following results are legislation items with 'EU Exit' in their title that directly reference and therefore may change this item of legislation. The public revolt against the controversial Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (DDA) has been solidly simmering through UK society since the inception of the act. There are currently no additional references that you need to check. In 1997, the Act was amended, relaxing rules and giving courts more flexibility about euthanasia orders. [12] The Act bans the breeding, sale and exchange of these dogs, even if they are on the Index of Exempted Dogs. Defra says "a large number of serious cases from a very small population of dogs in circulation, and that is striking evidence that there is an issue with this particular type of dog",[24] while a Member of Parliament said "Despite the fact that dogs on the exempt list must be muzzled in public, that breed still accounts for almost 20% of all reported attacks. Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. He says, "The Act states that 4 breed types are illegal to own breed, sell, gift or allow to stray in the UK. 2. The proposal was debated by Parliament and rejected. Nearly as many dogs that are in fact not banned breeds were seized under section 3 of the Dangerous Dogs Act as under section 1 last year for being dangerously out of control. The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 It is a criminal offence to breed, sell, give away, exchange or own some types of dog and there are other laws regarding the control of ‘ferocious dogs’ that owners ought to be aware of. The Dangerous Dogs Act (1991) (amended with effect from 13 May 2014 by the Antisocial Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014) provides detailed information on the legislation covering certain types of dogs, the responsibilities of owners and the actions that can be taken to remove and/or control dogs. In 1847, it became a criminal offence to let a dangerous dog run loose. This means that whether a dog is prohibited under the Act will depend on a judgement about its physical characteristics, and whether they match the description of a prohibited "type". Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include: Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including: All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. Under the dangerous dogs act 1991 four breeds of dog are illegal to own, breed from, abandon or sell. The Dangerous Dogs Act was brought in by the last Conservative Government after a spate of particularly nasty attacks by dogs alleged to be American Pit Bull Terriers.The cases, which galvanised media and public opinion (in that order) were 6 year-old Rukshana Khan from Bradford and Frank Tempest from Lincoln, both of whom sustained horrific injuries by these dogs in the Spring of 1991. The reasons behind the Dangerous Dogs Act The 1991 Act banned four types of dogs and made it an offence for an owner to allow any dog "to be dangerously out of control". A. Out of 28 fatal dog attacks in the UK between 2010 and 2019 seven involved a Staffy, three involved a Pitbull cross and five involved an American Bulldog. In the UK it's against the law to own certain types of dogs. Twenty-five years ago, Britain became one of the first countries in the world to ban certain breeds of dog. The Rottweiler, or “rottie,” isn’t just one of the … Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. The intention of the Act was the protection of the people. "[25], The act only covers dog attacks causing physical injury to a human, not physical injury or death to other animals, and does not cover mental injury to a human witnessing such an attack (PTSD, for example). Are legislation items with 'EU Exit ' in their title that directly reference and therefore may this., effectively continuing the Index known outstanding effects for the Secretary of State for Dangerous. 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